CFD modelling and simulation

A complementary validating system, including advanced computational modelling, experimental testing and detailed imaging.

Multiple modelling stations pre-loaded with relevant software including CAD Drawing, Fluent, Aspen, Chemical Kinetic, Matlab/Simulink.

This equipment ensures a credible output and in-depth understanding and control of the impact of energy system characteristics and integration, critical reaction kinetics, emissions and combustion processes.

Analytical and measurement laboratory capabilities

  • Signal stack gas analyser system (O2, CO2, CO, NOx, THC)
  • Gasmet FTIRs for flue gas analysis (O2, CO2, CO, NOx, SO2, HCs, HCL, HF) and emissions from the CO2 capture process (NH3, CH2O, amines, etc)
  • ETG syngas analyser (H2, CH4, CO2, CO, O2, THC)
  • Portable Servomex analyzers (O2, CO2)
  • DMS500 submicron aerosol analyser
  • Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES) for online multi-metal emissions detection (including K, Na, Hg, Cr, Cd, Pb, V, Zn; as well as Ag, Al, B, Br, Ca, Co, Cu, Fe, I, Li, Mg, Mn, Ni, P, S, Sb, Sc, Ti, Si, Sn)
  • Analytical probes: Ellipsoidal radiometer, flame imaging camera probe, suction pyrometer, gas sampling probes, particle collection probe, corrosion and deposition probes

Emissions monitoring facilities

  • Full online bulk gas emissions assessments for flue gases – including CO2, CO, O2, NOx, SOx, unburned hydrocarbons, etc. via a range of standard methods
  • Entrained metal aerosols:
  • Use of a unique continuous online inductively coupled plasma optical emissions spectrometer
  • Generates real-time emissions spectra for the quantitative and simultaneous multiple element detection, down to ultra-trace levels
  • species and concentrations determined for a range of elements of interest – including those that cause operational issues or are toxic (alkali/alkali earth, transition and heavy/toxic metal emissions)
  • can be used to aid element partitioning studies
  • used to determine which elements are carried over in the syngas and/or flue gases to subsequent plants (e.g. to the combustion system, CO2 capture facility, etc.)
  • Particulate matter:
  • online particle size analyser that generates data for particle size spectra, total particle concentration and active surface
  • can assess particulate matter in the size range of 6 nm – 10 μm, where our focus will be on submicron particles – of interest for health, environmental and operational reasons
  • can collect deposited samples after each test and chemically characterise these for each of the 14 size ranges (to aid in element partitioning studies)